FAO / CAMBODIA FISHERIES CHILD LABOUR

09-Jun-2021 00:07:24
A new UN report warns that global progress against child labour has stalled for the first time since the last two decades. The COVID-19 crisis is likely to push millions more children into child labour unless urgent mitigation measures are taken. In Cambodia, FAO is supporting fisheries communities to better understand the benefits of reducing child labour and improving children’s access to affordable and quality education. FAO
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STORY: FAO / CAMBODIA FISHERIES CHILD LABOUR
TRT: 7:25
SOURCE: FAO
RESTRICTIONS: PLEASE CREDIT FAO ON SCREEN
LANGUAGE: ENGLISH / KHMER / NATS

DATELINE: VARIOUS LOCATIONS AND DATES
SHOTLIST
21 JANUARY 2021, KAMPONG CHHNANG PROVINCE, CAMBODIA

1. Aerial shot, floating houses and fishing vessels on the river
2. Aerial shot, river at dawn

18 JANUARY 2021, KAMPONG CHHNANG PROVINCE, CAMBODIA

3. Wide shot, a fishing vessel leaving shore, children playing in the foreground
4. Wide shot, women skewering freshly caught fish
5. Close up, woman layering fish on a skewer
6. Wide shot, a group of men and women talking by the river
7. Wide shot, women skewering fish
8. Wide shot, a group of people working

22 JANUARY 2021, PHNOM PENH, CAMBODIA

9. SOUNDBITE (English) Alexandre Huynh, FAO Representative Cambodia:
“From 15 to 17 years old the law allows children to work but there are two different categories: either it’s child labour, because the working conditions are not safe. Either it is decent, safe employment when children from 15 to 17 years old are provided with good care and good conditions without hazards”

19 JANUARY 2021, KAMPONG CHHNANG PROVINCE, CAMBODIA

10. Wide shot, a child putting a net on a fishing vessel
11. Wide shot, a fishing vessel on the river
12. SOUNDBITE (Khmer) Van Thon, Focal point of the Commune Committee for Women and Children (CCWC):
“In the past 10 to 15 years, the use of child labour in the community has been a lot. First, they always bring their children fishing with them. Second, they use their children to work for others to get extra income for their family”
13. Wide shot, people handling fish

20 JANUARY 2021, KAMPONG CHHNANG PROVINCE, CAMBODIA

14. Close up, Tim Sreum skewering fish
15. SOUNDBITE (Khmer) Tim Sreum, Beneficiary, Chhum Kimseak’s mother:
“In my childhood, I helped my mother to make steamed rice cakes to sell. I needed to wake up very early in the morning. I rowed a boat from one village to the next to sell the cakes”
16. Aerial shot, river
17. Aerial shot, a fishing vessel on river
18. Wide shot, chicken in backyard
19. Wide shot, Tim Sreum cleaning pots and pans
20. Close up, Tim Sreum
21. SOUNDBITE (Khmer) Tim Sreum, Beneficiary, Chhum Kimseak’s mother:
“That was why I decided to quit school, but I let my sibling study to acquire knowledge. I did not want them to be as illiterate as me”
22. Wide shot, Tim Sreum and her family eating in a hut
23. Wide shot, Tim Sreum (camera right) and her daughter Chhum Kimseak (camera left) working together to stack piles of fish
24. SOUNDBITE (Khmer) Tim Sreum, Beneficiary, Chhum Kimseak’s mother:
“That is why I want my children to become educated people. If my daughter could pass her grade 12, I would be very excited.”
25. Wide shot, Chhum Kimseak taking fish from a container in their house
26. Wide shot, Chhum Kimseak doing her schoolwork at night by torchlight
27. Wide shot, Chhum Kimseak leaving her house for school early in the morning on a motorbike
28. SOUNDBITE (Khmer) Chhum Kimseak, Beneficiary:
“Every day I get up at 5 o’clock, read a little, and get ready to go to school at 6 o’clock. It takes an hour. At 7am, I arrive at school”
29. Wide shot, pupils arriving at school
30. Med shot, Chhum Kimseak in mask in classroom
31. Med shot, Chhum Kimseak writing on white board
32. Aerial shot, Chhum Kimseak riding her motorbike on a dirt road on the way home from school
33. Wide shot, Chhum Kimseak and her father walking towards a fishing vessel
34. Wide shot, Chhum Kimseak working with gill nets on fishing vessel
35. Close up, Chhum Kimseak and her father pulling the gill nets from river
36. SOUNDBITE (Khmer) Chhum Kimseak, Beneficiary:
“I leave school at 10 o’clock. I arrive home at 11 o’clock, I have lunch and then I go fishing with my dad. When I go fishing, I throw gill nets. I release the fish from the gill nets, and I take off the scales or the fish’s skin. I’m back home at 5 in the evening. I help my mother peel the remaining fish until it’s done at around 6 or 7.
37. Wide shot, Chhum Kimseak sitting at the bow of the boat traveling down river
38. Close up, Chhum Kimseak smoking fish
39. Wide shot, Chhum Kimseak and her family having dinner together
40. Aerial shot, floating houses on the river
41. Wide shot, a woman lying fish on a wire tray outside a hut

22 JANUARY 2021, PHNOM PENH, CAMBODIA

42. SOUNDBITE (English) Kaing Kim, Deputy director general, Cambodia’s Fisheries Administration:
“One of the main objectives for us to address child labour in the fishery sector is the awareness raising.”

18 JANUARY 2021, KAMPONG CHHNANG PROVINCE, CAMBODIA

43. Aerial shot, fishing boats and floating houses on river at sunset
44. Wide shot, a fishing boat travelling between floating houses

22 JANUARY 2021, PHNOM PENH, CAMBODIA

45. SOUNDBITE (English) Kaing Kim, Deputy director general, Cambodia’s Fisheries Administration:
“First will be at the national level with our management team and also our staff at the provincial level, and then we transfer that awareness to the community level”

18 JANUARY 2021, KAMPONG CHHNANG PROVINCE, CAMBODIA

46. Wide shot, fish market
47. Various shots, People inside fish market

22 JANUARY 2021, PHNOM PENH, CAMBODIA

48. SOUNDBITE (English) Kaing Kim, Deputy director general, Cambodia’s Fisheries Administration:
“Especially to the fisher family, both parents and children.”

19 JANUARY 2021, KAMPONG CHHNANG PROVINCE, CAMBODIA

49. Wide shot, a temple
50. Wide shot, gathering of villagers
51. Wide shot, Chhim Chhoeun speaking at a community meeting
52. SOUNDBITE (Khmer) Chhim Chhoeun, Chief of the Community Fisheries Committee, Cambodia:
“The fishing community’s prominent role is to protect resources sustainably. Another role is to help increase awareness among community members with regard to what child labour is.”
53. Wide shot, Chhim Chhoeun (in glasses) talking to members of the local community
54. SOUNDBITE (Khmer) Chhim Chhoeun, Chief of the Community Fisheries Committee, Cambodia:
“I visited some families and explained to each family about child labour to make it clear to them”
55. Wide shot, a motorbike driving through fishing village
56. Various shots, people working together to prepare a gill net


18 JANUARY 2021, KAMPONG CHHNANG PROVINCE, CAMBODIA

57. Wide shot, children playing together on a tree
58. Wide shot, a woman stacking piles of fish

18 JANUARY 2021, KAMPONG CHHNANG PROVINCE, CAMBODIA

59. Wide shot, pupils leaving their school wearing face masks
60. Wide shot, Chhim Chhoeun talking to members of the local community
61. Wide shot, a woman pushing a stroller walking down a road in the village

18 JANUARY 2021, KAMPONG CHHNANG PROVINCE, CAMBODIA

62. Close up, Chhum Veasna, Chhum Kimseak’s father pulling in a gill net
63. Wide shot, Chhum Veasna, Chhum Kimseak and her father pulling a gill net onto a boat

20 JANUARY 2021, KAMPONG CHHNANG PROVINCE, CAMBODIA

64. SOUNDBITE (Khmer) Chhum Veasna, Beneficiary, Kimseak’s father:
“I am pleased to send the children to school and want my children to have a promising future.”
65. Wide shot, a teacher speaking to students in a classroom
66. Med shot, teacher speaking to a student
67. SOUNDBITE (Khmer) Chhum Kimseak, Beneficiary:
“I want to be a teacher in the village because there is always a shortage of teachers.”
68. Wide shot, Chhum Kimseak riding boat
69. SOUNDBITE (Khmer) Chhum Kimseak, Beneficiary:
“If there is a teacher in a village it is easy to educate children and allow them to acquire knowledge”
70. Aerial shot, the fishing community on the river
STORYLINE
A new UN report warns that global progress against child labour has stalled for the first time since the last two decades. The COVID-19 crisis is likely to push millions more children into child labour unless urgent mitigation measures are taken.

According to the ILO-UNICEF report namely Child labour: 2020 Global estimates, trends and the road ahead released on Thursday (10 Jun), around 160 million children – 63 million girls and 97 million boys – were in child labour globally at the beginning of 2020, accounting for almost 1 in 10 of all children worldwide. An increase of 8 million since 2016. A further 8.9 million children will be in child labour by end of 2020 as a result of rising poverty driven by the pandemic.

More than 70 percent of all children in child labour – 112 million in total - are in agriculture and represents an increase of 4 million since 2016. These children engaging in child labour in crop production, livestock, forestry, fisheries or aquaculture, often work long hours and perform hazardous tasks.

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is dedicated to eliminating child labour in agriculture.

In Cambodia, FAO is supporting fisheries communities to better understand the benefits of reducing child labour and improving children’s access to affordable and quality education.

Fisheries are critically important for Cambodia’s aquatic eco-systems and for the livelihoods and nutrition of the rural population.

The Tonle Sap is Southeast Asia’s largest lake and the world’s most productive inland fishery.

But many families experience extreme poverty and have to use their children as workforce to survive.

Youth aged from 15 to 17 who are above the legal working age often engage in hazardous work.

Child labour is defined as work that is inappropriate for a child’s age, affects children’s education, or is likely to harm their health, safety or morals.

SOUNDBITE (English) Alexandre Huynh, FAO Representative Cambodia:
“From 15 to 17 years old the law allows children to work but there are two different categories: either it’s child labour, because the working conditions are not safe. Or it is decent, safe employment when children from 15 to 17 years old are provided with good care and good conditions without hazards”

Many children could not attend school because they are asked to help out their families in fisheries and agriculture.

SOUNDBITE (Khmer) Van Thon, Focal point of the Commune Committee for Women and Children (CCWC):
“In the past 10 to 15 years, the use of child labour in the community has been a lot. First, they always bring their children fishing with them. Second, they use their children to work for others to get extra income for their family”.

Child labour not only continues the cycle of poverty for the children involved, but also for their families and communities. Without education, these girls and boys are likely to remain poor, perpetuating their state of poverty and ultimately undermining efforts to reach sustainable food security and end hunger.

FAO has been working with the Cambodian Government and fisheries stakeholders to integrate child labour prevention into existing policies, legal frameworks and capacity building programmes.

SOUNDBITE (English) Kaing Kim, Deputy director general, Cambodia’s Fisheries Administration: “One of the main objectives for us to address child labour in the fishery sector is the awareness raising. First will be at the national level with our management team and also our staff at the provincial level, and then we transfer that awareness to the community level. Especially to the fisher family, both parents and children”.

When she was a child, Tim Sreum had to leave school to work to support her family.

SOUNDBITE (Khmer) Tim Sreum, Beneficiary, Chhum Kimseak’s mother:
“In my childhood, I helped my mother to make steamed rice cakes to sell. I needed to wake up very early in the morning. I rowed a boat from one village to the next to sell the cakes. That was why I decided to quit school, but I let my sibling study to acquire knowledge. I did not want them to be as illiterate as me”.

Tim Sreum realized the importance of education. She and her husband support their 17 year-old daughter to go to school.

SOUNDBITE (Khmer) Tim Sreum, Beneficiary, Chhum Kimseak’s mother:
“That is why I want my children to become educated people. If my daughter could pass her grade 12, I would be very excited.”.

SOUNDBITE (Khmer) Chhum Kimseak, Beneficiary, 17 year-old:
“Every day I get up at 5 o’clock, read a little, and get ready to go to school at 6 o’clock. It takes an hour. At 7am, I arrive at school”

After school Chhum Kimseak helps her family with safe fishing tasks that don’t hamper her education and health.

SOUNDBITE (Khmer) Chhum Kimseak, Beneficiary, 17 year-old:
“I leave school at 10 o’clock. I arrive home at 11 o’clock, I have lunch and then I go fishing with my dad. When I go fishing, I throw gill nets. I release the fish from the gill nets, and I take off the scales or the fish’s skin. I’m back home at 5 in the evening. I help my mother peel the remaining fish until it’s done at around 6 or 7.”

SOUNDBITE (Khmer) Chhum Kimseak, Beneficiary, 17 year-old:
“I want to be a teacher in the village because there is always a shortage of teachers. If there is a teacher in a village it is easy to educate children and allow them to acquire knowledge. If there is a teacher in a village it is easy to educate children and allow them to acquire knowledge”

Not all work carried out by children is considered child labour. Some activities may help children acquire important livelihood skills and contribute to their survival and food security. However, much of the work children do in agriculture is not age-appropriate.

Child labour perpetuates a cycle of poverty for the children involved, their families and communities. 2021 is the International Year for the Elimination of Child Labour, declared by the UN General Assembly and led by ILO. FAO works with its partners to address the root causes of child labour. This includes, in particular, the ILO, IFAD, IUF and IFPRI/CGIAR through the International Partnership for Cooperation on Child Labour in Agriculture and a wide range of different actors in agriculture. FAO is also a member of the Global Coordination Group of the Alliance 8.7.
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