GENEVA / INTERNET SHUTDOWNS

23-Jun-2022 00:01:28
The dramatic real-life effects of internet shutdowns on people’s lives and human rights are vastly underestimated, the UN Human Rights Office warns in a report released today. UNTV CH
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STORY: GENEVA / INTERNET SHUTDOWNS
TRT: 01:28
SOURCE: UNTV CH
RESTRICTIONS: NONE
LANGUAGE: ENGLISH / NATS

DATELINE: 23 JUNE 2022 GENEVA, SWITZERLAND
SHOTLIST
1. Exterior wide shot, flag alley, UN Geneva
2. Wide shot, press room
3. SOUNDBITE (English), Peggy Hicks, Director, Thematic Engagement Special Procedures and Right to Development Division, UN Human Rights Office (OHCHR):
“One of the key findings of the report is that when you see a shutdown happen, it's time to start worrying about human rights. In other words, they're happening in places where there are deteriorating human rights situations.”
4. Med shot, speakers at podium
5. SOUNDBITE (English), Peggy Hicks, Director, Thematic Engagement Special Procedures and Right to Development Division, UN Human Rights Office (OHCHR):
“At least 27 of the 46 least developed countries have implemented shutdowns between 2016 and 2021, despite receiving support to increase their Internet connectivity.”
6. Med shot, podium
7. SOUNDBITE (English), Peggy Hicks, Director, Thematic Engagement Special Procedures and Right to Development Division, UN Human Rights Office (OHCHR):
“199 Shutdowns were justified by public safety concerns, and 150 were based on national security grounds. But many of those shutdowns were followed by spikes in violence.”
8. Wide shot, participants, press room
9. SOUNDBITE (English), Peggy Hicks, Director, Thematic Engagement Special Procedures and Right to Development Division, UN Human Rights Office (OHCHR):
“We call on states to stop doing this, stop imposing shutdowns. Based on our research, shutdowns are simply never the best answer. Their costs are simply too great to economies, to democracy, and to people's day-to-day lives.”
10. Med shot, press room
11. SOUNDBITE (English), Tim Engelhardt, Human Rights Officer, UN Human Rights Office (OHCHR):
“Doctors couldn't be reached easily by the hospitals in emergency cases because the communications were shut down, and they installed loudspeakers on the hospitals to call them.”
12. Med shot, podium, speakers
13. Med shot, journalists, UN staff
14. Close up, journalist typing on laptop keyboard
STORYLINE
The dramatic real-life effects of internet shutdowns on people’s lives and human rights are vastly underestimated, the UN Human Rights Office warns in a report released today (23 Jun).

The report highlights that when major communication channels and networks are slowed down or blocked, thousands, even millions of people, are deprived of their only means of reaching loved ones, medical assistance, working, or participating in political debates or decisions.

“When you see a shutdown happen, it's time to start worrying about human rights,” said Peggy Hicks, Director of the Thematic Engagement, Special Procedures, and Right to Development Division at the Human Rights Office (OHCHR).

Speaking at a press conference at the UN in Geneva on Thursday morning, Hicks explained shutdowns deepen digital divides between and within countries and “are happening in places where there are deteriorating human rights situations.”

When substantial development aid is directed towards enhancing connectivity in less developed countries, some of the beneficiaries of that aid are deepening the digital divide through shutdowns.

“At least 27 of the 46 least developed countries have implemented shutdowns between 2016 and 2021, despite receiving support to increase their Internet connectivity,” stressed Hicks.

The first major internet shutdown took place in Egypt in 2011, during the Tahrir Square protests that led to hundreds of arrests and killings.

Shutdowns can mean a complete block on Internet connectivity, but governments also increasingly ban access to major communication platforms and limit bandwidth and mobile services to 2G transfer speeds, making it difficult to share and watch videos or live picture broadcasts.

Many States refuse to acknowledge interfering in communications or putting pressure on telecom companies to prevent them from sharing information.

The official justification for the shutdowns was unknown in 228 cases reported by civil society across 55 countries.

When authorities do recognize having ordered disruptions, justifications often point to public safety, containing the spread of hostility or violence or combatting disinformation.

Yet, shutdowns often achieve the exact opposite.

According to Peggy Hicks, “199 Shutdowns were justified by public safety concerns, and 150 were based on national security grounds.

But many of those shutdowns were followed by spikes in violence.”

When a State shuts down the internet, both people and economies suffer. The costs to jobs, education, healthcare, and political participation virtually always exceed any hoped-for benefit.

Tim Engelhardt, Human Rights Officer, reported examples of how hospitals, unable to contact their doctors in cases of emergency, “installed loudspeakers on the hospitals to call them.”

The report urges States to refrain from imposing shutdowns, maximize Internet access, and remove the multiple obstacles to communication.

The report also encourages companies to share information on disruptions and ensure that they take all possible lawful measures to prevent shutdowns they have been asked to implement.

“We call on states to stop doing this, stop imposing shutdowns. Based on our research, shutdowns are simply never the best answer,” stressed Hicks.

“Their costs are simply too great to economies, to democracy, and to people's day-to-day lives,” she added.
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